Activity 1

ACTIVITY 1.1

The following graph plots the Philippine unemployment rate from January 2004 to January 2014, as per official data released by the National Statistics Office. Data shows an apparent decrease in the unemployment rate in 2006 (from 11.3 percent to 8.1 percent). Further research, however, showed that the decline was not because of the increase in the number of created jobs, but due to changes in the unemployment criterion of the Philippine Statistics Authority (read here).

Succeeding years show fluctuation, with a little decline, in the Philippine unemployment rate.

unemployment

Discussion on unemployment should also cover the underemployment, which the World Bank dubbed in 2013 as the “real labor problem” of the country. Government data show that one in every five Filipinos in the labor force is underemployed.

underemployment

*Note: Unemployment and underemployment data covered last 11 years, instead of 10, to show a glimpse of the trend prior to the implementation of the new unemployment criterion in 2006.


ACTIVITY 1.2

The following graph plots the government data on production of four major agricultural products of the Philippines in the last ten years. Data show that that production of rice, corn, hog, and chicken have increased in the past years.

food productionDespite the increase in production, however, data on self-sufficiency on the said products – except rice – show a decreasing trend in the last ten years.

self sufficiency1self sufficiency2Data on food production and self-sufficiency from the CountrySTAT website of the Philippine Statistics Authority.


The following graph plots the increasing Philippine simple literacy rate based on available data released by the National Statistical  Coordination Board (NCSB). The source for the 2000 data is based on the census on population and housing that year, while data for 2003 and 2008 was based on the Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey.

A 2013 article cited the National Statistics Office as saying that the literacy rate in 2010, based on the census on population and housing that year, further increased to 97.5. The said data was not included in the NCSB statistics data.

literacy


The following graph plots the Philippine national debt (total, foreign and domestic) in the past ten years. Note the significant increase in domestic debt, while the foreign debt remain virtually unchanged. Data from the Bureau of Treasury website.

debt

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