Societal Problems Scrapbook

DEVC 202
TMA 1: SOCIETAL PROBLEMS SCRAPBOOK

CONTENTS OF THE ONLINE SCRAPBOOK OF JAN VICTOR MATEO AS OF 2 NOVEMBER 2014

No. Item Description

Date Retrieved

1 Publication (soft copy)

Poverty in the Philippines: Causes, Constraints and Opportunities

A publication on the poverty profile of the Philippines released by the Asian Development Bank in 2009. It highlights the causes and impacts of poverty, particularly in the country’s economic growth. 1 September 2014
2 Webpage

Poverty Statistics (Philippines)

Philippine Statistics Authority – National Statistical Coordination Board: Poverty Statistics in the Philippines 1 September 2014
3 Webpage

Labor and Employment Statistics (Philippines)

Philippine Statistics Authority – National Statistics Office: Labor and Employment figures in the Philippines 1 September 2014
4 Online News Article

Joblessness in Q2 rise, 11.8M unemployed — SWS survey

GMA News Online report, dated 18 August 2014, on the latest Social Weather Stations survey, showing an increase in number of unemployed Filipinos from 11.5 million in Q1 2014 to 11.8 million in Q2 2014. 1 September 2014
5 Online News Article

Philippine population officially hits 100 million

Rappler report, dated 27 July 2014, on the country’s latest “milestone” when it comes to population: hitting the 100 millionth mark. 1 September 2014
6 Publication (soft copy)

Philippines in Figures (2014)

The 2014 edition of the “Philippines in Figures” handbook released by the National Statistics Office, containing relevant basic information about the country, including population, demography, employment, health, and education, among others. 1 September 2014
7 Webpage

Forbes: Philippines’ 50 richest people

Forbes’ webpage on the Top 50 Richest Filipinos and their wealth. The page also shows the total aggregate wealth those in the list, which amounted to $74.2 billion as of August 2014. 1 September 2014
8 Online News Article

Rich-poor divide in PH widening

Inquirer report, dated 10 July 2013, on the widening rich-poor divide in the Philippines. It cited data from the National Statistical Coordination Board, which showed that high-income class enjoyed a 10.4% annual income growth in 2011 as compared to the 4.3% and 8.2% income growth of middle and low-income groups, respectively. 1 September 2014
9 Online News Article

Philippines’ elite swallow country’s new wealth

An Agence France-Presse report, published in the Inquirer on 3 March 2013, on how the elite “swallows” the country’s wealth. 1 September 2014
10 Webpage

Environmental problems in the Philippines

A compilation of the difference environmental problems in the Philippines, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) – overfishing, coastal infrastructure development, deforestation, and pollution. 2 September 2014
11 Online News Article

Earth Day: Phl environment poor, but…

A personal article, released on The Philippine Star on 23 April 2014, about the state of the Philippine environment. 2 September 2014
12 Online Analysis

Two Earth day celebrations, two views on the state of the environment

A comprehensive analysis, released by Bulatlat on 23 April 2014, on the real state of Philippine environment vis-à-vis the statements made by the government (See Item 11) 2 September 2014
13 Webpage

Impacts of climate change

A briefer on the Impacts of Climate Change, released by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) 2 September 2014
14 Publication (soft copy)

National Framework Strategy on Climate Change 2010-2022

Philippines’ National Framework Strategy on Climate Change 2010-2022, prepared by the Climate Change Commission and released in the website of the National Economic Development Authority. 2 September 2014
15 Publication (soft copy)

Climate Change in the Philippines

A briefer on Climate Change in the Philippines, prepared by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) in 2011, and released in the website of the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). 2 September 2014
16 Webpage

Nutrition country profile: Philippines

Philippines’ country profile on nutrition and consumer protection, released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It cited, among others, that protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies remain the leading nutritional deficiencies in the Philippines. 2 September 2014
17 Online Article

Curbing malnutrition in North Cotabato and Maguindanao

Article released in the website of UNICEF, regarding efforts to address malnutrition in North Cotabato and Maguindanao. It also provides relevant data on malnutrition in the Philippines, for instance: “Only 63.2 per cent of children 6-23 months old reach the minimum variety of foods for a good diet. Twenty-eight per cent of children under 5 were moderately or severely malnourished in 2003-2008.” 2 September 2014
18 Publication (soft copy)

Child labour: Hunger and child malnutrition invisible in the Philippines

An article in the August 2010 Volume of Ethics in Action, published by the Asian Human Rights Commission. It provides a foreign perspective on the status of child labor in the Philippines, particularly its relevance to the issue of hunger and malnutrition among the youth. 2 September 2014
19 Online Article

Guide to the Philippines conflict

A brief introduction, released by the BBC on 8 October 2012, on the main rebel groups in the Philippines – the MNLF, MILF, Abu Sayyaf, and the NPA. 3 September 2014
20 Online Article

Philippines-Mindanao conflict

A detailed article, released by the Thomson Reuters Foundation, on the conflict in Mindanao. The article also includes a helpful timeline on the important events involving the matter. 3 September 2014
21 Newspaper Article

WB extends $508M loan for PH farmers, fishermen

Manila Bulletin report, released on 01 September 2014, on the World Bank decision to release $508 million under the Philippine Rural Development Project. The project, according to the report, seeks to “indirectly benefit” 22 million people. 5 September 2014
22 Newspaper Article

Total scrapping of ‘anomalous’ CCT dole-out program pushed

Manila Bulletin report, released on 01 September 2014, on the move of various progressive lawmakers to scrap the government’s Conditional Cash Transfer program. The program, also known as the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), is the government’s flagship anti-poverty project implemented by the DSWD. 5 September 2014
23 Newspaper Article

National summit on unemployment, power pushed

Philippine Star report, released on 01 September 2014, on the calls of the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP) to hold a national summit to address various issues, including unemployment. The article quoted TUCP spokesperson Alan Tanjusay as saying that having a national summit on jobs and consumer issues will catalyze the silent majority who voted for President Aquino. 5 September 2014
24 Newspaper Article

AWARE launched to address high youth unemployment

Philippine Star report, released on 4 September 2014, on the government’s effort – particularly the Department of Education – to address youth unemployment. Called the Accelerating Work Achievement and Readiness for Employment (AWARE) program, the project seeks to provide the youth with skills and on-the-job training programs with partner organizations 5 September 2014
25 Newspaper Article

Aug. inflation seen at 3-yr high

Malaya report, released on 4 September 2014, on the rise of inflation rate in the country in August 2014, particularly due to rising electricity and food prices. 5 September 2014
26 Newspaper Article

Rice prices may rise on planting, import delays

A Manila Times report, released on 5 September 2014, on the effect of late planting and import delays on the price of rice in the market. 5 September 2014
27 Newspaper Article

Job opportunities open for unemployed Ilocanos

A Manila Times report, released on 5 September 2014, on the different employment opportunities (healthcare business process outsourcing) provided by the Ilocos Norte government under its “Saguip Nars Program”. 5 September 2014
28 Newspaper Article

Solon sees tax-free Xmas bonus, more tax exemptions for workers

Daily Tribune report, released on 5 September 2014, on the expected passage of a House measure that will increase the tax-exemption ceiling on Christmas bonuses from P30,000 to P70,000. The measure is seen as a move to address income inequality against the middle class. 5 September 2014
29 Newspaper Article

Solon wants age bracket of taxpayers’ dependents raised to 23 years old

Daily Tribune report, released on 5 September 2014, on a House measure that will increase the age of dependents from 21 to 23 years old. The reason stated on the bill was the K-12 program, which will add two additional years in basic education, which families have to sustain. 5 September 2014
30 Newspaper Article

Kalinga tribe OKs Balatoc mining

Manila Standard Today report, released on 06 September 2014, on the decision of a tribe in Kalinga to “reaffirm” its rights over a mineral rich ancestral lands, which is reportedly being eyed by multinational mining companies. The signing would allow the tribe to apply for mining exploration of their lands. The article did not tackles issues on the possible effects of mining to the environment. 12 September 2014
31 Opinion Article

Taxed to Death

Opinion article, written by Marichu Villanueva and released on 8 September 2014 in The Philippine Star, about the high taxes imposed on middle class Filipinos. The article also tackles the revenue measures pending before Congress to address this so-called “inequality” among Filipino workers. 12 September 2014
32 Newspaper Article

Makati malnutrition drops further

Malaya report, released on 8 September 2014, about the decreasing malnutrition rate as claimed by the Makati City government. The report said that the malnutrition rate dropped from 0.73% in 2013 to 0.64% this year, attributed to health and nutrition programs of the local government. 12 September 2014
33 Newspaper Article

Lawmaker: Lower taxes won’t mean government revenue loss

Daily Tribune report, released on 8 September 2014, on the statement of Marikina Rep. Miro Quimbo that reducing taxes for middle class earners will reduce government tax collection. The issue of income tax reduction seeks to address the inequality supposedly experienced by middle income earners relative to the income taxes imposed by the government. 12 September 2014
34 Newspaper Article

Ex-solon slams paltry budget for OFWs repatriation

Daily Tribune report, released on 8 September 2014, on the inadequate allotment of P527 million to assist Filipinos in distress abroad. The article tackles the issue of inequality, in terms of government priorities, particularly after the statement of former Manila Rep. Benny Abante that OFWs contribute P1 trillion to the Philippine economy. 12 September 2014
35 Newspaper Article

Chinese visitors assured of protection

Manila Bulletin report, released on 14 September 2014, on the government statement on China’s decision to issue a travel warning in the Philippines. The matter can be loosely classified under “ethnic conflict”, as it involves issues concerning kidnapping allegedly committed by insurgents in Mindanao. There is also a Filipino vs Chinese angle, brought about by issues in the West Philippine Sea. 22 September 2014
36 Opinion Article

Preventing/pre-empting more ‘Zambo’ disasters

A Manila Bulletin column, written by former President Fidel Ramos and released on 14 September 2014, highlighting the need for continuing negotiations to ensure that future incidents in Mindanao – similar to the one in Zamboanga in 2013 – will not happen again. Ramos in 1996 signed a peace agreement with the MNLF and its leader, Nur Misuari. 21 September 2014
37 Newspaper Article

‘Green jobs’ answer to climate change – solon

Manila Times report, released on 15 September 2014, about the proposal of Davao Rep. Karlo Nograles supporting the creation of additional green jobs, which will address both issues of environment degradation and unemployment. 21 September 2014
38 Newspaper Article

For PH call centers, talent pool quickly drying up

Inquirer report, released on 15 September 2014, about the possible shortage in supply of talents for the call center industry by 2015. This outlines the issue of jobs mismatch in the Philippines, which is related to unemployment and underemployment figures in the country. 21 September 2014
39 Newspaper Article

Gov’t urged to include forest dwellers in CCT program

Manila Times report, released on 15 September 2014, on the proposal to include poor “forest dwellers” in the government’s 4Ps program. The article highlights the extent of poverty in the Philippines, which includes families assigned “to guard the forests.” 21 September 2014
40 Newspaper Article

Childhood obesity: What you can do

A feature article, released on Malaya on 15 September 2014, on the health effects of child obesity. This underscores the reality that hunger is not the only malnutrition issue in the country, as there is also an increasing number of children suffering from obesity. 21 September 2014
41 Newspaper Article

Planting of alternative crops urged

Manila Times report, released on 24 September 2014, on the proposal of the Isabela provincial government for farmers to plant alternative crops to avoid losses due to calamities affecting the country. 3 October 2014
42 Newspaper Article

Iqbal non-committal on possible changes in BBL

Philippine Star report, released on 26 September 2014, on the non-commitment of MILF chief negotiator Mohagher Iqbal that they would accept changes in the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL). The BBL, pending in Congress, seeks the creation of an autonomous Bangsamoro entity in Mindanao that would hopefully end the decades-long conflict in southern Philippines. 3 October 2014
43 Newspaper Article

Biggest coastal clean-up set tomorrow

Malaya report, released on 26 September 2014, on the plan of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources to hold a coastal clean-up at the Long Island in Las Piñas City. Degradation of coasts due to trash is among the pressing environmental issues currently faced by the Philippines. 3 October 2014
44 Newspaper Article

Solons buck DOH’s no home birth policy

People’s Journal report, released on 26 September 2014, on the statement of Gabriela Party-list against the Department of Health’s no home birth policy. Practice of home birthing may be connected to the issue of poverty, but – as the lawmakers aptly pointed out – cultural issues should also be addressed as some groups practice home births because of tradition. 3 October 2014
45 Newspaper Article

CBCP pushes Bangsamoro Basic Law scrutiny, debate

People’s Journal report, released on 28 September 2014, on the call of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines for further debate on the BBL. The bishops maintained that indigenous tribes living in areas to be included in the Bangsamoro entity should be given the opportunity to join in the discussion. 3 October 2014
46 Newspaper Article

Parents urged to save children from extremism

Manila Bulletin report, released on 28 September 2014, on the call of Maguindanao Gov. Esmael Mangudadatu to protect children from extremism, in light of reports that terrorist group ISIS is recruiting in the country. The report came even as the government is polishing details into the creation of an autonomous entity in Mindanao that could hopefully end decades of Muslim insurgency in southern Philippines. 3 October 2014
47 Newspaper Article

After P1-M fish kill, Cavite river now dead – mayor

Manila Bulletin report, released on 28 September 2014, on the “death” of a local river after the discovery of a chemical that killed fish and other marine life. Dumping of chemical and other wastes in waterways is among the pressing environmental concerns in the Philippines. 3 October 2014
48 Newspaper Article

PEZA bonuses irregular, government auditors find

Manila Times report, released on 28 September 2014, on the discovery that employees of the Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) ‘irregularly’ received Christmas bonuses in 2013. 3 October 2014
49 Newspaper Article

BFAR blames chemicals for Cavite fish kill

A follow-up report on Manila Times, released on 30 September 2014, regarding the fish kill in Cavite. Investigators discovered high levels of chemicals in the river, which they said are naturally produced by decomposing organic matter or via agricultural, domestic and industrial wastes. 3 October 2014
50 Newspaper Article

PH signs OECD pact to curb tax evasion

Manila Times report, released on 30 September 2014, on the Philippine commitment to combat tax evasion by signing an agreement with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Tax evasion is seen as an issue related to the problem of inequality. 3 October 2014
51 Online Article

Pantawid program working well?

A Rappler report, released on 20 October 2013, on the review of the government’s 4Ps program. An international expert was quoted in the report as saying that the program “continues to be working well” in improving the lives of millions of Filipinos. Criticisms of the program were also included in the report, including concerns about patronage politics, among others. 17 October 2014
52 Online Article

Richest 1% of people own nearly half of global wealth, says report

Guardian report, released on 14 October 2014, on the report published by the Credit Suisse global wealth report showing how the richest one percent of the world’s population is getting wealthier. It noted that UK, among the G7 countries, is the only one that recorded rising inequality between the rich and the poor. 17 October 2014
53 Publication (soft copy)

Credit Suisse global wealth report

Full report on global wealth released by Credit Suisse (cited in Item 52). 17 October 2014
54 Online Article

FVR: More discussions on BBL needed

A personal article, released on The Philippine Star on 16 October 2014, regarding the thoughts of former President Fidel Ramos on the proposed BBL. Ramos expressed support for the law, but said further discussions are still needed to ensure that it will be properly implemented. 17 October 2014
55 Publication (soft copy)

Philippines: A Community-based Approach to Reducing Malnutrition Among Young Children

An undated study, released by the Asia-Pacific Regional Network for Early Childhood (ARNEC), regarding the so-called Positive Defiance/Hearth (PD/Hearth) approach, which is said to be effective in addressing malnutrition in the community level. The study provides an introduction to the said approach, which it said was properly implemented by the organization Save the Children. 17 October 2014
56 Publication (soft copy)

Malnutrition in the Philippines – perhaps a Double Burden?

A German study, released in June 2009, outlining the status of malnutrition in the Philippines. It also provides a brief introduction to concepts related to malnutrition, as well as Philippine government’s efforts to address the problem. 17 October 2014
57 Resource Document

The draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law pending before Congress

A reproduction of the Bangsamoro Basic Law, released by the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, which is currently pending before the Philippine Congress. It outlines the legal framework necessary for the creation of an autonomous Bangsamoro entity. Its imminent passage is seen as a possible solution to end the decades-old conflict in southern Philippines. 17 October 2014
58 Online Article

Phl leads countries with highest obesity levels

Philippine Star report, released on 20 October 2014, on the UN report that the Philippines and India are among the developing countries with the highest levels of obesity and under-nutrition. 2 November 2014
59 Online Article

Self-rated poverty rises in NCR, Luzon

Philippine Star report, released on 20 October 2014, on the latest SWS survey showing a relative increase in poverty incidence in Manila and Luzon. 2 November 2014
60 Online Article

Soliman: Anti-poverty programs take time

Rappler report, released on 29 October 2014, on DSWD Secretary Soliman’s response to the results of the latest SWS survey. Soliman maintains that the results does not mean that the government’s anti-poverty programs are not working, stressing that “responding to poverty isn’t achieved immediately.” 2 November 2014
61 Editorial

Poor and Hungry

Inquirer editorial, released on 1 November 2014, on the latest SWS survey on poverty incidence, citing the indifference of politicians and the government of the suffering of hungry Filipinos. 2 November 2014
62 Online Article

U.S. gov’t to pay PH P87 million for damage to Tubbataha Reef – DFA

Interaksyon report, released on 24 October 2014, on the announcement that the US government will pay a total of P87 million for the damage caused by the grounding on an American ship in Tubbataha reef in 2013. 2 November 2014
63 Online Article

P87-M compensation for Tubbataha Reef damage not enough — militant group

A GMA News report, released on 25 October 2014, regarding the statement of militant group Bagong Alyansang Makabayan that the P87-million payment of the US government (see Item 62) is not enough to compensate the damage caused in the reef. 2 November 2014
64 Commentary

Mapping out the role of civil society under the Bangsamoro Basic Law

An opinion article, written by peace advocate Amina Rasul and released in the BusinessWorld on 30 October 2014, about the latest development in the congressional hearings on the BBL. Rasul, president of the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy, maintains that the law is the next step in ensuring a just and lasting peace in Mindanao. 2 November 2014

*Note on Items 21 to 50: I gathered newspaper clippings of the said articles. However, following my decision to just come-up with an online scrapbook, I decided to look for the online version of the articles and use the links instead of the actual clippings.

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